The impetus behind the weed survey is due to the increasing numbers of new weed species that have appeared in the past several years: winged primrose-willow, weedy rice, monochoria, and recently, one (possibly two) new watergrass species. We are hoping that by conducting a survey, we may find some new species before they spread, and better establish ranges for the species we know we have.
A crew of two people will be stopping in random fields in the major rice-producing counties. We will take soil samples from the top six inches of soil in each field. The soil samples will then be processed in a greenhouse at UC Davis, where the weeds will be grown out to identify each species present in the soil. The reason we are surveying this way, instead of surveying during the rice-growing season, is due to the use of herbicides during the season, we would have difficulty seeing the presence of weed species that are well-controlled by the herbicides.